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[走向世界的盡頭] 朝聖之路 Camino de Santiago

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sakuraism
#1
舊 2018-08-22, 23:50
投稿備註: 僅在客棧發表   
朝聖之路Camino de Santiago是一條主要位在西班牙境內的旅行路線,目的地是加利西亞(Galicia)自治區的聖雅各(Santiago de Compostela)。與前往羅馬的Via Francigena以及耶路撒冷(יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎)的朝聖之路,並列為天主教最重要的三大朝聖路線。


現在朝聖之路已經是歐洲很流行的旅行路線,性質上結合了宗教、運動以及健行。以我們比較能理解的方式來說,就像台灣的單車環島加上大甲媽祖遶境進香活動。





耶穌十二門徒之一的聖雅各(St. James,Jacob,Santiago,or Saint Jacques),相傳遭到謀殺後,遺體從耶路撒冷船運到西班牙加利西亞海邊時被暴風擊沉,當時海邊有場婚禮正在舉行,新郎奮不顧身地去拯救卻不幸也沈入海底。當他再度浮出海面時,身上覆蓋著保護他的扇貝,眾人相信這是聖雅各的保佑。扇貝因此成了聖雅各的象徵,之後也成為朝聖之路上的路標。


遺體被埋葬在無人知曉的神祕地點,直到西元八一三年,有隱士在夜空中看到許多流星墜落在同一個地方,好奇前往查看因而發現聖雅各的遺體。消息傳到了當時的教皇以及一位法國邊境的領主Alfonso II耳邊,這位領主便前往發現遺體的地方進行聖葬。當時所經過的路線即為現在法國之路(Camino Francés)的前身。發現遺體的地方即以聖雅各命名,又因為流星指引了方向,地名加上了Compostela,在拉丁文裡面為Campus Stellae,意思是Field of the Star,成了Santiago de Compostela。安葬的地點蓋起了大教堂Catedral de Santiago de Compostela,現在為市區的歷史中心。發現遺體的七月二十五號被訂為為聖日,七月二十五號為禮拜天的年份則為聖年(the holy year of St. James,Año Santo Jacobeo,Ano Santo Xacobeo)。


順帶一提,三貂角是台灣最東境的岬角。1626年,來自菲律賓的西班牙船艦抵達東北角海域,準備進佔北台灣,將此地稱為Santiago,並相傳於此建立聖雅各城堡。後台灣人以台語轉音成「三貂角」因而得名,與今日富貴角同為源於歐洲語言之地名。


後來只要能通向Santiago de Compostela的路線就被稱為Way of St. James,西語就是Camino de Santiago。


除了主要在西班牙境內的路線,例如法國之路(Camino Francés,The French Way)和經過Salamanca的白銀之路(Vía de la Plata,Silver Way),從鄰近國家出發的葡萄牙之路(Camino Portugués,The Portuguese Way),甚至整個歐洲的任何路線都可以稱為Camino de Santiago,只要最後能夠到達Santiago de Compostela。



Camino Francés


我所行走的路線即是最古老的Camino Francés,從法國邊境的Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port(法語意思是Saint John at the foot of the mountain pass)出發,越過庇里牛斯山(Pyrenees),途經Pamplona、Burgos、León等大城市,最後抵達Santiago de Compostela,全程約八百公里。


Camino上的旅人被稱為朝聖者(peregrino,pilgrim),朝聖的方式通常有步行、單車或騎馬。朝聖者可以在pilgrim's office辦理Credencial del Peregrino,一種類似護照的認證,有了credencial可以表明自己是朝聖者,沿途蓋上認證的章,並入住庇護所(refuge,albergue),如此一來可以不用擔心住宿的事情。


扇貝當然也變成朝聖者的信物,在身上佩帶扇貝以祈求不受惡靈的侵襲。在旅途中通常凹面向外表示正在朝聖路上,也象徵分享被贈予的一切。抵達終點之後即凸面向外表示完成朝聖,並且畫上象徵聖雅各的十字架,三端綻放的花朵象徵無瑕的榮耀。扇貝的圖案也變成朝聖之路的象徵,任何一條路都通往同一個地方——Santiago de Compostela,並轉換成星芒的圖案,由星芒引路,成為現代Camino的指標。


Camino至少需步行一百公里,或至少騎單車二百公里才算完成。根據credencial上的印章,在大教堂Catedral de Santiago de Compostela旁的的辦公處(Oficina del Peregrino S.A.M.I Catedral)可以辦理完成Camino的認證。擁有這份認證的朝聖者,在過世之後會被赦免一半的罪,如果是在聖年完成,這份認證則可以赦免全部的罪。


那麼走吧,Buen Camino


Camino de Santiago is one of the main travel routes within Spain, the destination is Santiago de Compostela which locates in the autonomous regions of Galicia. Camino de Santiago, the route to Rome, the Via Francigena and Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎) pilgrimage route are the most important of the major pilgrimage routes in Catholicism.


Camino de Santiago is already a very popular travel routes in Europe, with a combination of religion, sports and hiking in nature. It is more able to understand to say that is like the Circling Island by bicycle Dajia Mazu pilgrimage pilgrimage activities in Taiwan.


According to legend, one of Jesus' twelve disciples, St. James(Santiago in Spanish, Saint Jacques in French), was murdered. The transportation of the remains from Jerusalem back to the north of Spain on board was hit by the storm. There was a wedding celebrated on the seashore then. Without hesitation, the groom went to aid and was dragged by the large wave. When surfaced again, he was covered and protected by scallops. It was believed that was a miracle by the APOSTLE. The scallop has become a symbol of St. James, also signs on Camino de Santiago.


Later, the remains was buried at a specific place. Until AD 813, a hermit saw a lot of meteor fall in the same place in the night. Being curious, the shepherd went to check and found the body of St. James again. The news spread to the Pope and King Alfonso II. This King went to the place and conducted the holy burial. The route of this King across Spain is now the predecessor of the Camino Francés. The place was named Santiago de Compostela by St. James' name. And Compostela, Campus Stellae in Latin, means Field of the Star. The cathedral, Catedral de Santiago de Compostela was built and now is the historic center of the urban area. It was said that St. James' body was found on July 25. Thus July 25 is the Holy day, and the year which July 25 is on Sunday is the Holy year of St. James(Año Santo Jacobeo, Ano Santo Xacobeo).
原文載於: 背包客棧自助旅行論壇 https://www.backpackers.com.tw/forum/showthread.php?t=10151326


Incidentally, 三貂角(san diau jieu)is the most northeast point of Taiwan. In 1626, a Spain aircraft from the Philippines arrived here. The crew thought that 三貂角(san diau jieu)seemed like Santiago de Compostela in their country, and named the place the same name. The Taiwan people turned sound in local language after that. Now the place still has the same name.


As long as a route leads to Santiago de Compostela is known as the Way of St. James, the Camino de Santiago in Español as well.


In addition to the main routes within Spain, such as Camino Francés(The French Way), and Vía de la Plata(The Silver Way)through Salamanca, Camino Portugués(The The Portuguese Way)starts from the neighboring countries. Even the whole of Europe any route known as the Camino de Santiago, to be able to reach Santiago de Compostela finally.


I walk on the oldest route, Camino Francés. From the French border, Saint-Jean-the Pied-de-Port(Saint John at the foot of the mountain pass in French), across the Pyrenees shelter, via big cities such as Pamplona, ​​Burgos, and León, finally arrive in Santiago de Compostela, with a distance of about eight hundred kilometers.


Travelers walking on Camino are pilgrims(peregrino in Español). Pilgrimage are usually walking, cycling or horse riding. Pilgrims go to the pilgrim's office for Credencial del Peregrino, a passport-like certification. With credencial, pilgrims can stay in shelters(albergue in Español)on Camino. As a result, they can do pilgrimage without worrying about living things.


Scallops, of course, has become a token of pilgrims. Pilgrims wear scallops from the invasion of evil spirits. Scallops are usually concave outward expression when pilgrims are on Camino, also symbolizes the acceptance of sharing. After completion of the pilgrimage, the convex turn out and is painted a symbol of the cross of St. James. The three flowers of the cross represent the "honor without spot."
原文載於: 背包客棧自助旅行論壇 https://www.backpackers.com.tw/forum/showthread.php?t=10151326


The pattern of scallops has become a symbol of the Camino, any road leading to the same place - Santiago de Compostela. Scallops have converted the pattern to be a astral, as indicators of the modern Camino.


To complete Camino, pilgrims have to walk at least completed one hundred kilometers, or cycle at least two hundred kilometers. By Credencial del Peregrino, pilgrims apply certification in pilprim's office, Oficina del Peregrino S.A.M.I Catedral, near Catedral de Santiago de Compostela. Receiving the certification, one could be pardoned half of the crime after he died. If it is in Año Santo Jacobeo, this certification forgive all sins.


Buen Camino!

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此篇文章於 2018-08-23 02:12 被 sakuraism 編輯。
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